The ITB is a broad band extending from the tensor fascia latae and gluteus muscles in the hip to the lateral side of the proximal tibia. The ITB is thought to be a hip and knee stabilizer. Excessive tensile stress on the ITB will create friction between the band and the lateral aspect of the femoral epicondyle as it crosses over it.
- Poor training techniques
- Large Q angle
- Sacroiliac joint dysfunction
- Genu valgum ( knock kneed)
- Leg length discrepancies
- Strength imbalances in the hip adductors
- Excessive pronation
- Prominent area of pain is the lateral side of the knee. Initially pain may only be present when running. As the syndrome progresses, pain may be felt when not running.
- If caused by excessive pronation, consider a stability or motion control shoe with an insert.
- Stretching, icing, and massage of ITB may be helpful. Consider foam rollers for self-massage.
- Orthopedists and Physical Therapists typically check leg length, strength, and sacroiliac joint dysfunction.
- Addaday Ultra Series
- Superfeet Premium Insoles
- Foam Rollers
- Hydration & Nutrition (Nuun, GU Energy, Nathan)